Friday, December 10, 2010

More accurate javascript execution time measurement with the msPerformance API

A cool feature of Internet Explorer 9 is the msPerformance API. This API helps you to accurately measure the performance of a webpage. A lot of developers have built their own performance measurement constructs over the years, based on the Date function, but the results of these constructs can be way off!

John Resig (jQuery inventor) has an in detail blogpost where he discovers where custom javascript execution time measurement goes wrong.
In Summary: Testing JavaScript performance on Windows XP and Vista is a crapshoot, at best. With the system times constantly being rounded down to the last queried time (each about 15ms apart) the quality of performance results is seriously compromised. Dramatically improved performance test suites are going to be needed in order to filter out these impurities, going forward.

Browsers know exactly how long it takes to load webpages and execute scripts. IE9 now makes it possible to consume this information through the msPerformance API.

If you are interested in performance marks of the document loading, you can read properties of the msPerfomanceTiming object. If you are, like me, interested in measuring execution time of a specifc function, you can use some functions of the msPerformance object. Have a look at the following codesnippet.

function runTest(){                
    var msPerformance = window.msPerformance;
    
    if (msPerformance){        
        msPerformance.mark("writeLoopBegin");
        
        for (var  i = 0; i < 50000; i++){
            document.writeln(i);
        }        
        
        msPerformance.markAndMeasure("writeLoopEnd", "writeLoopMeasure", "writeLoopBegin");        
        var res = msPerformance.getMeasure("writeLoopMeasure");
        
        alert(res + " ms elepased.");    
    } else {
        document.write("msPerformance isn't available in your browser.")
    }
}

The first thing you have to do is get a reference to the msPerformance object. To start measuring you need to call the mark function. After marking, you can run the code you want to measure. When that is done, you need to call the markAndMeasure function. Once the end is marked an measurement is finished, you can get the results by calling the getMeasure function.

See it in action here.

What about standards?

You probably noticed by the ms prefix that this isn't part of the standards yet. It does look like there are efforts being made by the W3C to get a performance measurement API into the standards though.

Is this something you have been waiting for?

1 comment:

  1. As far as I can find out by testing, the window.performance property is published in IE9 and IE10, but the msperformance object doesn't appear in either. The Mark/Measure functionality is marked up by Microsoft as "IE10", but isn't there yet in the current version (Jan 2013).

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