Sunday, November 1, 2009

Walking through a new Web Application in Visual Studio 2010 (.NET 4.0)

Although I installed Visual Studio 2010 Beta 2 the first day it came out, today was the first day I made a new Web Application. In this post I will walk you through creating a new Web Application in Visual Studio 2010. I'll show you what's new and what's different.

Creating a new Web Application



Create new project

After clicking the New project link, you will see an improved Project Template window.

Search for the Web node in the Project Templates tree. You might notice that there are three new Project Templates: Empty ASP.NET Web Application, ASP.NET Web Application and ASP.NET MVC 2 Web Application.

In this post I'll show the ASP.NET Web Application template.



Select ASP.NET Web Application

New stuff in the this template

When you look at the Solution Explorer, you will notice that there more default folders and pages. Let me walk you through them.



Solution Explorer

New references

There are some new default references.

1: Microsoft.CSharp
The Microsoft.CSharp namespace contains classes that support compilation and code generation using the C# language.
Source: Msdn


2: System.Web.ApplicationServices
The System.Web.ApplicationServices namespace provides classes that enable you to access ASP.NET forms authentication, roles, and profiles application services as Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) services.
Source: Msdn


3: System.Web.DynamicData
The System.Web.DynamicData namespace contains classes that provide the core functionality for ASP.NET Dynamic Data. It also provides extensibility features that let you customize dynamic data behavior.
Source: Msdn


The Account folder

This folder holds a few default pages that provide default membership functionality. Yes, that's right, a membership provider is baked in this template.



The Login page



The Register page

The App_Data folder

In this folder you will find the membership database.

The scripts folder

This folder holds the jQuery(!) javascript files. Yep jQuery is now even shipping with Web Forms out of the box.

Styles

Here you will find the CSS file that's used throughout the web application.

Wonder where the Webforms team got their inspiration from ;)



The default style

The Default and About page

The Default.aspx page has been here forever, but the About.aspx page is new. And it does exactly what you think it does. You can supply some information about you or your application in this page.

Global.asax

The Global.asax is there by default. A nice feature that has been added are inline comments that help you understand the most common application events.



   1:  namespace MyFirstWebApplication
   2:  {
   3:      public class Global : System.Web.HttpApplication
   4:      {
   5:   
   6:          void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
   7:          {
   8:              // Code that runs on application startup
   9:   
  10:          }

  11:   
  12:          void Application_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
  13:          {
  14:              //  Code that runs on application shutdown
  15:   

  16:          }
  17:   
  18:          void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e)
  19:          {
  20:              // Code that runs when an unhandled error occurs
  21:   
  22:          }
  23:   
  24:          void Session_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
  25:          {
  26:              // Code that runs when a new session is started

  27:   
  28:          }
  29:   
  30:          void Session_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
  31:          {
  32:              // Code that runs when a session ends. 
  33:              // Note: The Session_End event is raised only when the sessionstate mode
  34:              // is set to InProc in the Web.config file. If session mode is set to StateServer 
  35:              // or SQLServer, the event is not raised.

  36:   
  37:          }
  38:   
  39:      }

  40:  }


Site.Master

A default master page comes with the template as well.

Conclusion

Although I rather will use the Empty ASP.NET Web Application, I think this template is a great effort to push best practices to the novice Web Forms developer. This template helps you getting started with the most powerful features of Webforms.

What are your thoughts on this new template? Will you use it?

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